1. They were not in favour of giving women the right to vote and they wanted only men with property to vote. (4) Her statues were erected in public places to remind the people of unity and persuade them to identify with it. 1. (1) The main objective of the Treaty of Vienna was to undo most of the changes that had come about in Europe during the Napoleonic wars. Ans. Explain. But in Italy, Mazzini formed Young Italy. Answer: See Textbook Question 3(a). But, many countries in the world which were colonized were in very bad shape. `By the end of 19th-century nationalism did not retain its idealistic liberal-democratic sentiment of the first half of the century, but became a narrow creed with limited ends.’ Explain by giving a detailed account of the Balkan region which was the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871. Join now. (6) In Hungary, half of the population spoke Magyar and other local dialects. But very soon, people could realize that the new administrative system of Napoleon was not going to guarantee political freedom. Which country was not interested in the Balkan Peninsula? Hunger, hardship, revolt and revolution of the liberals made economic condition worst. For example: Following were the processes of unification of Germany: He gathered a large number of armed volunteers and marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilians and succeeded in winning the support of locals to drive out Spanish. These people belonged to the educated middle-class elite; like professors, school teachers, clerks and members of the commercial middle classes. (3) They spoke French. Why was the issue of extending political rights to women a controversial one within the liberal movement in 1848? (3) There developed a notion of a united community enjoying equal rights under a Constitution. 1.What was the main aim of the French revolutionaries? (iii) Apart from regular troops, a large number of armed volunteers under the leadership of Garibaldi joined the fray. (5) So, In 1834, a Customs Union or Zollveretn was formed at the initiative of Prussia and joined by most of the German states. The British Isles was inhabited by the ethnic people such as English, Welsh, Scot and Irish. (2) He became a member of secret society of the Carbonating. (ii) Internal custom duties and dues that hampered the flow of business were abolished and a new uniform system of weights and measures was constituted. The Bourbon kings who had been restored to power during the conservative reaction after 1815, were now overthrown by liberal revolutionaries. (1) In July 1830, the first upheaval took place in France. Briefly describe the process of unification of Germany. Explain any four ideas of Liberal Nationalists in the economic sphere. Rise of nationalism in Europe. This helped them in diplomacy. Explain. He founded two more underground societies, first, ‘Young Italy’ in Marseilles and second, Young Europe’ in Berne whose members were like minded young men from Poland, France, Italy and the German j states. (3) In other parts of Europe, where independent nation-states did not exist such as German. (iii) The Kingdom of Netherlands was set up in the north. Ans. (5) They emphasized on vernacular languages and the collection of local folklore not just to recover an ancient national spirit, but also to carry the modern nationalist message to large audiences who were mostly illiterate. Home » Class 10 » Social Science » History » History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe – Notes & Study Material. (4) The middle classes took advantage of the growing popular unrest to push their demands for the creation of a nation-state on parliamentary principles and Constitution, freedom of the press and freedom of association. This document is highly rated by Class 10 students and has been viewed 81172 times. In Europe the educated, liberal middle class spearheaded the nationalist movement. The Early Nationalist leaders believed in moderate politics and in loyalty to the British crown. Describe the revolt led by the Silesian weavers against contractors in 1845. 3. How formation of the nation-state was the result of a long drawn out process in Britain Explain. Industrialization began in England, a working class and … 2. (2) On 4 June at 2 P.M., a large crowd of weavers emerged from their homes and marched in pairs up to the mansion of the contractor. Ans. (1) There were many revolutions in Europe between 1830-48. (iii) With the outbreak of the revolutionary Wars, the French armies began to carry the idea of nationalism abroad. Ans. It means the nation was represented as a person. In a modern state a centralized power exercised sovereign control over a clearly defined territory. It was able to extend its influence over the other nations of the island. (4) Under these circumstances in 1861, Victor Emmanuel II was proclaimed King of Unit Italy. But, they were treated with scorn and threats. During the nineteenth century, Europe faced many great obstacles to economic exchange and growth by the commercial classes due to the following reasons: The reaction of the local people in the areas conquered by Napoleon was mixed. (1) Giuseppe Mazzini had sought to put together a coherent programmed for the unitary Italian Republic. (5) The year 1848 was such a year. 5. Or Name two leaders of the Moderates. They stood for the freedom of individual and equality of all before the law. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. Ans. (3) The economic hardships, a rise in food price, the burden of feudal dues and obligations on the peasants were some more reasons for the revolt. (1) European Governments were driven by the spirit of conservatism after the defeat of Napoleon in 1815. The development of nationalism did not come about only through wars and territorial expansion. Log in. Describe the background and execution of the process of Italian unification. (2) Though women had formed their own political associations, founded newspapers and taken part in political meetings and demonstrations but they were denied suffrage. They thought that Englishmen are willing to put India on the path of democracy and self-governance. Free PDF Download of CBSE Class 10 Social Science History Chapter 1 The Rise of Nationalism in Europe Multiple Choice Questions with Answers. 1. (1) The term ‘liberalism’ derives from the Latin root ‘Liter’ meaning free. Explain the dominance of Prussian measures and practices on Germany. Why did the representatives of the European powers met at Vienna in 1815 to draw up a settlement for Europe? (4) He fought three wars for over seven years with Austria, Denmark and France. The statement that “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches a cold” can be explained in the following manner: (1) Most of the European countries followed them persistently. (a) In his view, creation of nation-states is a necessary part of struggle for freedom. Class 10 Class 12. (2) Garibaldi: He gathered a large number of armed volunteers and marched into South Italy and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilians and succeeded in winning the support of locals to drive out Spanish. Nationalist feelings were widespread among middle-class Germans, who in 1848 tried to unite the different regions of the German confederation into a nation-state governed by an elected parliament. (7) Regional dialects were discouraged and French, as it was spoken and written in Paris, became the common language of the nation. These people belonged to the educated middle-class elite; like professors, school teachers, clerks and members of the commercial middle classes. (1) Giuseppe Mazzini was an Italian revolutionary, lie was born 1807. Following were the processes of unification of Germany: (1) In 1948, a large number of political associations comprising of middle-class professionals, businessmen and prosperous artisans tried to unite the different regions of Germany into a nation-state governed by an elected parliament. Explanation: pandeyakriti302 pandeyakriti302 Answer: 1. they wanted individual freedom. (1) In the mid-eighteenth century, there were no ‘nation-states’ as we know them today. Ans. (5) Uniform laws were formulated for all citizens within the French territory. This liberal initiative to nation-building was, however, repressed by the combined forces of the monarchy and the military, … Why was the period between 1830-48 called the age of revolutions in Europe? How far is it correct to say that the time period from 1830 to 1848 saw hunger, hardship, revolt and revolution of the liberals? 2.Who hosted the Congress of Vienna in 1815? (3) They were demanding higher wages. Describe any five reforms introduced by Napoleon in the territories he conquered. Explain. In the nineteenth century, nations developed in many ways. The statement that “When France sneezes, the rest of Europe catches a cold” can be explained in the following manner: In 1845, weavers of Silesia had led a revolt of against contractors who supplied the raw materials. Q.3. They entered the storehouse and tore to shreds the supplies of cloth. The efforts of the complaint against the seller. But, failure of uprising both in 1831 and 1848 meant that the mantle now tells on Sardinia-Piedmont under its ruler King Victor Emmanuel II to unify Italy. 2. (1) By the last quarter of the nineteenth century, nationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal democratic sentiment of the first half of the century but became a narrow crew with limited ends. privileges, a Constitution and representative government through parliament. Why was the period between 1830-48 called the age of revolutions in Europe? They gave them to order for finished textiles but reduced their payments. Explain with examples. (1) Like Germany, Italy had a long history of political fragmentation. For the following reasons, Balkans was the most serious source of nationalist tension in Europe after 1871: (1) Balkans was a region of geographical and ethical variations comprising modern-day Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, Greece, Macedonia, Croatia, Bosnia-Herzegovina, Slovenia, Serbia and Montenegro whose inhabitants were known as Slays. In Italian unification, Garibaldi had won the support of local peasants to drive out the Spanish rulers. 7.Otto Von Bismarck was the architect of ‘German unification’. 3.How was the Treaty of Vienna of 1815 implemented? (7) Vernacular languages strengthened nationalist feelings. The main aim of the French revolutionaries was to introduce various measures create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people. Share with your friends. 2. (3) Bismarck took the help of Prussian army and bureaucracy. The latter comprised industrialists, businessmen and professionals. 2.”It is said that Napoleon had ruined democracy.” What positive acts of Napoleon attract your attention? In this context, discuss the following: (a) Reasons why the early Congressmen were called ‘Moderates’. In other words, they owned majority of land tracts. `Nationalism aligned with imperialism led Europe to indulge in the First World War in 1914.’ Justify the statement with any five suitable arguments. (5) Following are the features of the unification movement in Italy: (I) During the 1830s, Giuseppe Mazzini had sought to put together a coherent programmed for the unitary Italian Republic. The members of this group were drawn from the educated middle class consisting of professionals like lawyers, barristers, teachers and officials, who drew inspiration from Western Liberal and Radical thoughts. 1. How did the local people in the areas conquered by Napoleon react to French rule? The first print shows the people of Europe and America marching in a long train and offering homa… (1) Napoleon’s administrative measures had created out of countless small principalities a confederation of 39 states. How was Europe closely allied to the ideology of liberalism? 5.Why were the European governments driven by a spirit of conservatism? Log in. Culture played an important role in creating the idea of nation in Europe in the following ways: (1) Art and poetry, stories and music helped in shaping nationalist feeling in Europe. The Liberals, Radicals and Conservatives were totally opposed in their views. Does Italy have a long history of political fragmentation like Germany? Ultimately, Ireland was forcibly incorporated into the United Kingdom in 1801. Following were the political, social and economic ideas supported by the liberals: How did the disintegration of the Ottoman Empire make the Balkan region very explosive? Describe any three main features of the economic condition of the German-speaking regions in the first half of the 19th century. Nationalist feelings were widespread among middle-class Germans, who in 1848 tried to unite the different regions of the German confederation into a nation-state governed by an elected parliament. In 1834, a custom union or Zollverein was formed at the initiative of Prussia and it was joined by all German states. It abolished the feudal system. This caused emergence of new social groups â working class and middle class. Liberal Nationalism stood for many things- individual freedom, equality before the law, representative government & constitution as well as the inviolability of private property. Share 2. These groups were not many in Central and Eastern Europe. Liberal Nationalism: It is a form of nationalism which means- (i) Individual freedom, (ii) Equality before law, (iii) Government by consent, (iv) Freedom of markets, (v) Abolition of state-imposed restrictions on the movement of goods and capital. But, the English nation steadily grew in wealth, importance and power. Explain. (1) In 1815, most of the revolutionaries wanted the creation of nation-states as a necessary part of the struggle for freedom. (6) They tried to change the cultural element into nationalist symbols. Liberal Nationalists in the economic sphere: Mention any two economic obstacles that the liberal nationalists wanted to overcome. (1) (i) The artists in France, in 1850, personified the nation. (1) In a modern state a centralized power exercised sovereign control over a clearly defined territory. (1) The members of landed aristocracy followed a common way of life. Ans 1. b. (4) The rise of food prices or a year o” f bad harvest led to wide-spread pauperism in towns and villages. In 1845, weavers of Silesia had led a revolt of against contractors who supplied the raw materials. (4) But as the English nation steadily grew in wealth, importance and power, it was able to extend its influence over the other nations of the islands. Liberalism stood for freedom of markets. Who were liberal nationalists? Why is it said that the 1830s were the years of great hardships in Europe? Class 10 … (1) In 1815, most of the revolutionaries wanted the creation of nation-states as a necessary part of the struggle for freedom. (2) A merchant travelling in 1833 from Hamburg to Nuremberg to sell his goods would have to pass through 11 customs barriers and pay a customs duty of about 5 per cent at each one of them. Zollverein abolished tariff barriers and reduced the number of currencies. (2) Increase in taxes, censorship and forced conscription into as outweighing the advantages of administrative reforms which. (1) Initially, the French armies were seen as the torch-bearers of liberty. âNationalism no longer retained its idealistic liberal democratic sentiment by the last quarter of the nineteenth century in Europe.â Analyse the statement with examples. (3) When the Frankfurt Parliament convened in the Church of St. Paul, women were admitted only as observers to stand in the visitors’ gallery. 1. Who was christened as Marianne? This led to the rise of radical nationalists who demanded more forceful action against the British. (iv) Cheap machine-made goods from England were giving stiff competition to small producers of European towns. (iii) The English abolished their national symbols, political institutions, national dresses and other cultural identities. Name one of the major issues taken up by the liberal-nationalists. Ans. Culture played an important role in creating the idea of nation in Europe in the following ways: Role of Romantic imagination in a national feeling: The Prussian king, William I, was proclaimed German Emperor in a ceremony held at Versailles in January 1871. Analyze the measures and practices introduced by the French revolutionaries to create a sense of collective identity amongst the French people. 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