It is of medium size and is smaller than the similar Eurasian lynx, which also has a characteristically bobbed tail, a spotted coat, long legs and a muscular body. Lynx became legally protected in 1973 in Spain and 1974 in Portugal. Scientific Name: Lynx pardinus IUCN Status: Endangered Weight: 19-35 pounds. Family. Iberian Lynx has got very good attention from both government and other wildlife organizations over the past decades. Body colour varies from medium brown to goldish to beige-white, and is occasionally marked with dark brown spots, especially on the limbs. In Iran, they live in Mount Damavand area. Its scientific name is Lynx Pardinus. The two Lynx species in North America, Canada lynx and bobcats, are both found in the temperate zone. This may take as long as 3 years or may, in fact, never happen. Iberian Lynx Scientific Name: Lynx pardinus The forever extinction of the Iberian Lynx is not an exaggeration. According to the IUCN Red List, the total population size of the Iberian lynx is 156 mature individuals. Iberian lynxes, like all cats, have vertical pupils and superb vision, particularly during low visibility. This species is classified as Endangered (EN), but its numbers are increasing today. In 1996, IUCN identified Iberian Lynx as the most endangered among all the wild cat species in the world. The endangered Iberian lynx lives in southern Spain and formerly in eastern Portugal. Lynxes puff when irritated or frightened. This is due to a lack of food. Its relatively short, coarse coat is tawny to bright yellowish-red, with black or brown spots and white underparts. Of the four lynx species, the Eurasian lynx (Lynx lynx) is the largest in size. [22] The Iberian lynx is believed to have evolved from Lynx issiodorensis. The head is relatively small but appears much larger due to the very prominent facial ruffs. A favorite prey for the lynx in its woodland habitat is roe deer. [24] Three Iberian lynx cubs were born as part of the Spanish program in 2005, at the Centro El Acebuche facility in Doñana National Park. These may reduce its immunity and cause infections that are difficult to cure. The ears are black-tipped and pointed, with short, black tufts. It is similar to other versions of the genus Lynx. The Canada lynx feeds almost exclusively on snowshoe hares; its population is highly dependent on the population of this prey animal. Lynx have a short tail, characteristic tufts of black hair on the tips of their ears, large, padded paws for walking on snow and long whiskers on the face. Today they reside in Andujár-Cardeña and Doñana National Park in the Spanish autonomic region of Andaluzia. Lynx, (genus Lynx ), any of four species of short-tailed cats (family Felidae) found in the forests of Europe, Asia, and North America. The Iberian lynx has almost no threats except man, but it is almost extinct. Canada or American Lynx-: These species of lynx live in Canada and Alaska. Meet the rare Iberian lynx and browse photographs by Joel Sartore. [24] An agreement signed in 2003 by the Spanish Environment Ministry and the Andalusian Environment Council seeks to breed the Iberian lynx in captivity. Also, Iberian lynxes often kill smaller carnivores in order to reduce the competition for prey. : The debate continues whether or not the Iberian Lynx is in fact a separate species from the Canadian and Siberian Lynxes, or merely a subspecies. The Pliocene felid Felis rexroadensis from North America has been proposed as an even earlier ancestor; however, this was larger than any living species, and is not currently classified as a true lynx.[11][12]. Although this cat hunts on the ground, it can climb trees and can swim swiftly, catching fish. It is a monotypic species. Iberian Lynx on The IUCN Red List site -, destruction (wild cats), clowder, clutter, pounce, https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iberian_lynx, http://www.iucnredlist.org/details/12520/0. The Iberian lynx The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is an endangered species and is native to the Iberian Peninsula in the Southern part of Europe. The Iberian lynx (Lynx pardinus) is a wildcat native to the Iberian Peninsula in the southwestern part of Europe. [24], As a result of the Spanish government program and efforts by others (such as the WWF and the EU's Life projects), the Iberian lynx "has recovered from the brink of extinction";[25] from 2000 to 2015, the population of Iberian lynx more than tripled. In 1970, the hunting of Iberian Lynx was made illegal. Fedriani, J. M., T. K. Fuller, R. M. Sauvajot and E. C. York. Males are larger than females, both having prominent whiskers, a characteristic "beard" encircling their face and distinctive black ear tufts. In the eastern states, it resided in the transition zone in which boreal coniferous forests yielded to deciduous forests. Lynxes of the World Print by Roger Hall View Lynxes of the World Print. Since the 1990s, there have been numerous efforts to resettle the Eurasian lynx in Germany, and since 2000, a small population can now be found in the Harz mountains near Bad Lauterberg. Bobcat: Bobcats are a species of lynx. [21] The species used to be classified as a subspecies of the Eurasian lynx, but is now considered a separate species. Its coat is variable, though generally tan to grayish brown, with black streaks on the body and dark bars on the forelegs and tail. The name ‘lynx’ comes from the Greek word ‘to shine’, perhaps in reference to the shine of the cat’s eye at night. Captive Iberian lynxes can now be seen only at the Lisbon Zoo (Portugal) and the Jerez Zoo (Spain). Iberian Lynx . Scientific Name: Lynx Pardinus Status: Critically Endangered Populous: Between 84 to 143 adults Kingdom: Animalia Phylum: Chordata (Vertebrata) Class: Mammalia Order: Carnivora Family: Felidae Genus: Felinae (Lynx) Species: pardina The Iberian is an apex predator. While its conservation status has been classified as "least concern", populations of Eurasian lynx have been reduced or extirpated from Europe, where it is now being reintroduced. With 13 recognized subspecies, the bobcat is common throughout southern Canada, the continental United States, and northern Mexico. The Eurasian lynx ( L. lynx) and the Iberian lynx ( L. pardinus) are their European counterparts. [26] The IUCN reassessed the species from "critically endangered" to "endangered" in 2015. The Eurasian lynx is the third largest predator in Europe after the brown bear and the grey wolf. Gestation lasts about 60 days and the female bears 2 - 3 kittens. In Romania, the numbers exceed 2,000, the largest population in Europe outside of Russia, although most experts consider the official population numbers to be overestimated. The Iberian Lynx (scientific name Lynx pardinus) is one of the most endangered species of cats in the world. The gestation time of the lynx is about 70 days. [19], The Canada lynx is a good climber and swimmer; it constructs rough shelters under fallen trees or rock ledges. Under their neck they have a ruff which has black bars resembling a bow tie, although this is often not visible. The scientific name consists of the Genus and the species. The scientific name for the Iberian Lynx or Spanish Lynx, is Lynx pardinus; which is also known as the binomial name, species name, latin name, biological name or zoological name. [28] The population of the bobcat depends primarily on the population of its prey. [33], The lynx is more common in northern Europe, especially in Norway, Sweden, Estonia, Finland, and the northern parts of Russia. A lynx (/lɪŋks/;[2] plural lynx or lynxes[3]) is any of the four species (Canada lynx, Iberian lynx, Eurasian lynx, bobcat) within the medium-sized wild cat genus Lynx. It has a thick coat and broad paws, and is twice as effective as the bobcat at supporting its weight on the snow. According to the Portuguese conservation group SOS Lynx, if this species dies out, it will be the first feline extinction since the Smilodon 10,000 years ago. Iberian lynxes have amazing eyesight and can spot a mouse even from a distance of 250 feet. The first lynx to be born in captivity was Saliega, a female born in southern Spain in Sierra Morena on March 29, 2005. Deer and mouflon are prey when rabbits are scarce. A male Iberian lynx needs to eat one rabbit a day, but the female, when raising her kittens, needs three. What an unforgettable name for an unforgettable animal! 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