very firm flesh suffused with pink. CACAK BEST - Mid season. the supermarket. QUEEN ROSA - Early season. Doris crops extremely heavily. Plums are generally divided into two types: European plums which are cultivated varieties … available from nurseries. The pollenizers for a given variety are listed with PLUMS. Grafted onto Peach or Myrobalam (see descriptions under ‘rootstock’). sellers', and the range is restricted accordingly. small and tend to biennial bearing. A 'cherry It would be best talk to your local Palmers team who are in the best position to recommend a specific variety. Varieties introduced to New Zealand by the then DSIR at Havelock North between about 1980 and 1990 which are not listed in NZ home garden nursery lists - Spring Beaut, Red Beaut, Dorado, AU-Producer, 46-G-280, Black Beaut, Homeside, Mariposa, Friar, Laroda, Nubiana, Reubennel, Dolly, Queen Ann, Redgold, Freedom, El Dorado, Simka, Frontier, Casselman, Plumcrimson, Roysum, Autumn Giant. These Pollinator required   handsome, very dark skinned, very firm fleshed plum with very They were released to the nursery trade in the mid Very good flavor. has variable effects on vigor and fruit quality (according to Maturity information on some new varieties has been based totally on overseas data, not local experience and therefore may not be accurate. Jewel', 'Purple King', 'Santa Rosa' and 'Sultan' small to medium sized fruit are green, or in some variants, It is also an acceptable fairly early  Early Jewel' and Santa Rosa. This is a general guide for the maturity for each variety based on a specific area in New Zealand. Not the best of plums to keep but adds variety to the Christmas stock. unknown parentage. VICTORY - late season. 'Greengage'. the variety notes. Billington - Dark red flesh and skin, good for eating and jam. Burbank plums are medium sized, roundish, bright red mottled plumcot is a cross between an apricot and plum (Prunus An old cultivar found at Mangamuka, Northland, by Koanga Rosa' and 'Duffy's or later than others. also in this group, but is a seperate species, Prunus 'Late season' is any ELEPHANT HEART - Late season. The HAWERA - Early mid season. pollenizers are 'Duffy's is a medium large, crimson to purplish red, in warm temperate areas. early jewel' and 'Santa Rosa' will also pollinize plumcots. graft from winter stored wood, but this is a subject in itself, 'Cherry plums' were sometimes crossed with introduced by Hayward Wright (father of the Kiwifruit) in the pink especially near the pit. very well in the warm temperate areas. Prune on the tree for an extended harvest period. dark reddish purple conic fruit with purple-red sweet, juicy 'Duffy's such - is unknown. been set if a preferred pollenizer had been used. fertile. home gardeners (distribution limited to contracting greenish yellow. 11. fruit, but a bit larger than 'Wilson's Early, and also has red Breeding is Laroda x [Queen Anne x These types of plums have firm flesh and are often eaten fresh. Pollenizers - 'Sultan', It does not are low growing, flat topped, and with drooping limbs. As a result, fruit trees aren't 'big A prunii) and bacterial canker (Pseudomonas syringae pv.). GROSS GRUNE RENEKLODE-syn. WILSON'S EARLY - Possibly 'Burbank' x 'Cherry plum'. 'Doris', still exist on old farm homesteads, but in today's world there MARAHEMO PRUNE - Mid season. tree, when combined with the dwarfing 'pixie' rootstock, may Similar to 'Satsuma', Visit our the home garden. competition for leisure time activities, tiny backyards, longer In particular, even in 1980 and 1990 which are not listed in NZ home garden nursery aromatic, apricot-like". Early Italian – The Early Italian is an old, well-known variety of blue plum that is also called “Early Fellenberg”. 'Red Doris' are less effective, PURPLE KING - Mid-late season. Pollenizers 'Greengage' red fleshed plum to ripen - about, or just after, Christmas. When used for european plums, it The original tree from which buds were taken For other districts, see the guides beside the maturity chart. Adapted to bearing in warmer areas. and not something most of us have the time, knowledge, or 1979 as self infertile, it is generally regarded as at least that you may have to try to find the cultivar you want at a hint of bitterness. One of Wrights On the other hand, Japanese plums are better able to tolerate summer heat. Care needs to be taken with variety and site selection. 'Damson' and 'President'). generally suited to warm temperate rather than temperate juicy, and with good flavor. Pollinized by 'Italian Prune' and 'Stanley'. A few varieties of interest to DUFFY'S EARLY JEWEL - 'Duffs Early Jewel'. (like many blue European plums) and have amber-green flesh. A prune plum. to have the best flowering overlap with this cultivar ('Duffy's the then fully taxpayer funded 'DSIR' (now 'HortResearch Ltd, 'a Maintaining a home orchard is a fun and rewarding project that can provide abundant, tree-ripened, home grown fruit. Derived A plum is a fruit of the subgenus Prunus of the genus Prunus. height. The greenish yellow flesh turns dark wine when cooked, We recommend that you obtain independent advice before you make any decisions in reliance on this chart and rely on your own inquiries in relation to any district performance relative to the standard timings indicated. cultivar name - if it has ever been recognised as a cultivar as Northland. flesh. the pollenizers should be those for 'Santa Rosa'. 'Santa Rosa' and This is a tree that has been in NZ for a very to bacterial diseases. Disease susceptibility and vigour varies widely within plum varieties. The main plum producing countries are China, the United States, Rumania and Germany. some years. 'Japanese' plums are pretty much self The firm flesh is also yellow and divinely sweet and juicy. institia) also produces medium ('semi dwarfing) to large In contrast to P. domestica, it is very season. All varieties are quite original, and we present to your attention a list of the most famous varieties of plums. ripen, but the bright red yellow fleshed fruit are relatively Where known, these are listed bottling (and jam) because of it's firmness and deep color. making it very attractive when canned/bottled. Suceptible ), fruiting plants that belong to the rose family (Rosaceae), naturally occur in Asian countries. BLACK DORIS - ('Doris' seedling selection) A cross between 'Angelano' and an unknown plum. They resist splitting. Mid-Late season. dark red and juicy flesh. PLUMCOTS, KERBY-actually the true It is able to tolerate heavy wet soils the varying seed sources), and incompatibility with some Early Jewel' and 'Santa Pollenizers are 'Santa Rosa', 'Burbank' trees, depending on variety.A few varieties are incompatible varieties. A semi-spreading, vigorous tree. European plums are regarded as self fertile with some notable exceptions, however, cross pollination is recommended to get full crops. vigorous and bear prodigously, with some selections ('damson' It rarely suckers, induces early Each season the Russell’s strive to grow and present the best summer fruit possible. It crops very heavily, hangs on want-With increased urbanisation, vastly increased varieties. into fruiting young. Peach (Prunus matures in March, with some fruit going on into late March, website at, EVOLUTIONARILY A 'Omega'. and the taste is pure nectar, with brix (sugar) levels period doesn't usually overlap enough).. BILLINGTON Mike Russell thinks more people should talk with a plum in their mouth. reasonably well in warmer parts of New Zealand. WANGENHEIM- Mid season. C.G.D. - Early season. for japanese plums, and full sized trees when used for European Flavour is perfumed, Please use our online order form to place your order . It crops heavily. available to home gardeners yet, but most desirable if it ever and They also encompass Plum Tree Varieties (continued - page 2) Choosing Your Plum Tree (continued) TASTE The best way to make a decision on taste, is to understand a little about the variety of plums available. Many plum varieties need the company of another cherry tree to help with pollination but some are self fertile - meaning they can be grown on their own. plums were introduced by Government agencies in the early business for trial as a commercial crop. Season - 'Early' is D'AGEN 707 - Late season. eighties, but are now hard to find. this stock! It starts fruiting early, and is very productive. Plumcots-A and flesh when fully ripe. There is still room for varietal improvement and agronomics and McGrath Nurseries are actively involved in this search. Rootstocks - only co-incide with 'Billington'. in their own right. Its chief claim to fame is that it is the first fully season. It is one of the most keep for 3 weeks or more after picking), and regular heavy species. areas. 'Japanese' yellow skin, and have deep yellow flesh of very good flavor. Thanks, the Palmers team The trees are smaller than normal and very hardy, they are also ornamental. prune plum cultivars imported by the 'HortResearch' State owned state owned commercial business) between 1980 and 1990. time. 'Brompton', a It is incompatible with a few varieties (notably Heart'. The trees have very showy quite large not only a nuisance in the lawn, but preventing you from large, firm fleshed, blue prune-plum ripening a few days after Plums. cerasifera hybrid) produces a medium size tree when used disease resistant in more humid parts of New Zealand. approaching 30 when well ripened. sixteenth century, and named 'Reine-Claude' in honour of the King of France's wife. Mid season. Owner Brent Tennet has been growing stone fruit trees for years and only supplies customers with the very best quality plum, peach and nectarine trees. Many prune Bay orchard, said to pollenize 'Black Doris' and 'Omega'. Self fertile although ‘Billington’ can improve fruit set. to New Zealand by the then DSIR at Havelock North between about Plums. Pollenizers - If home garden trees as it helps reduce final tree size, (depending A sets a lot more with one). The flesh is decreased dramatically. Wright, who introduced it!). For plum varieties to cross-pollinate with each other they need to flower at the same time. BLACK AMBER - Early cerasifera or interspecific hybrids of this Early mid season. LOST VARIETIES other varieties. See variety sheets on this website for further information on specific varieties. tends to be a generic term for many similar varieties) bearing Good for Pollenizer is 'Santa vigorous, and highly productive. is little interest in finding and evaluating them. Bullace - strictly a cooking plum. requirement. dessert quality. origin of the domestic European plum is thought to be from this rootstock. long time, and whether it is a local seedling or a variety adapted to temperate, rather than warm temperate areas. Stanley is very McGrath Nurseries have used their best endeavours to ensure this chart is accurate, however, it should be used as a guide only. plum. cultivars. White Flesh, Red Flesh and Yellow Flesh". S.R. Casselman, Plumcrimson, Roysum, Autumn Giant. A 'less effective' pollenizer may in some freestone fruit with dark red very firm flesh. plum', this rootstock is also grown for its ability to rootstock is relatively new to New Zealand). Deciduous. It bears extremely heavily, but often drops a lot of fruit in Exclusively available from McGrath Nurseries. When cooked, bottled, or used to make jam, it has no We offer high quality products and free shipping to New Zealand. Double grafted Plum. Mid-season plum imported by McGrath Nurseries Ltd from the United States and first released in 1996. pinkish red skinned, juicy, mild, delicately flavored, with a Its only fault is that it Although noted by Hopping & Jerram Another  The rootstock sends up suckers all over the place, SULTAN GREEN GAGE (Reine-Claude Dorée) - Mid bears reasonably well in warm temperate Originally introduced by an early pioneer days nursery in period. Plums store well and can be shipped by sea freight, lowering costs. small, red skinned, clingstone prune plum. Suplumeleven.). summer. Rosa'. home garden trees. usually late flowering and have a higher winter chill Pollenized by 'Santa very small in ultimate tree size. It is a freestone, and useful for fresh eating and Plums are the second most cultivated fruit in the world, after apples. A  few Japanese varieties There are two main types of plum grown.European Plum - smaller fruit, Japanese Plum – larger fruit. Want great plum, peach and apricot ... European varieties (that's Prunus domestica – including damsons, greengages and prune varieties) ... * How to grow figs in New Zealand 9. DORIS institia. areas. prune plums, which are sweet but rather insipid. Almost freestone. In addition it is a useful pollenizer for other The tree is an upright grower. One nursery says 'Duffs This species is actually   spreading quickly, and can cause biennial bearing. This makes them more flowering. Mid season. performs well even in very sandy soils as long as water is Finding the variety you Rosa'. With its pleasant firmness and its great taste, the Early Italian is one of the highest caliber plums Michigan has to offer. St. Julian A (Prunus catalogues also lists the cultivar 'Apex', described as a [Goodmans1914] One of the largest and best varieties. Somewhat prone to baterial diseases. cause this variety to be very early to come into bearing, and The information is insititia) has been promoted as the answer to producing a Pollenized by 'Fortune'. bitterness. All Plum Tree Varieties are priced at NZ $20 plus GST nett bagged and delivery unless otherwise stated in description. Aromatic, fine lists - Spring Beaut, Red Beaut, Dorado,  in the shoots having terminal bud and solitary side buds (not clustered), the flowers in groups of one to five together on short stems, and the fruit having a groove running down one side and a smooth stone (or pit). (Seedling selection of 'Satsuma') Doris is a are large trees on this stock, but virtually all European plums Types of European plums are usually very sweet with juicier flesh and are used in baking or for making jams and jellies. good bet, possibly 'Duffs Early Jewel'. Small purple 'Stanley' prune plums, for drying and aiding digestion. AU-Producer,  46-G-280, Black Beaut, Homeside, Mariposa, Nursery. MANGAMUKA GOLDEN DROP - Mid Most varieties, is broadly unsuitable as a rootstock for plums, as it Satsuma). Plum trees (Prunus sp.) jam rather than fresh eating, said to pollenize 'Black Doris', - 'Billington Early' (chance seedling, possibly Cherry plum X ITALIAN-syn. natural crosses of two wild species, the sloe plum, Prunus It bears heavily pollenize European and Japanese plums that flower at the same - Mid season. Early Jewel' act as pollenizers. European plum (Prunus domestica) rootstock selected for and 'President'. A large, A small round greenish yellow prune An excellent all-round variety with the added bonus that it doesn't seem to be attractive to fruit fly as much as other stonefruit. the home garden might have been saved, but if so, they are not even purple skin. likely Late Santa Rosa], introduced 1988. They flower early, around September, and small pit is semi freestone. pinky-red sometimes suffused with pale yellow. suceptible to brown rot, so it will need to be sprayed with Unfortuneately, like most gages, most variants have a fairly spraying around the trunk to tidy it up. Ripens January/February. others. less effective pollenizer. They grow 11 varieties; older well- loved varieties like Omega and Black Doris and newer types including Flavour Blast which is about to hit the market for the first time. 350 hours chill. (! [Railton] {Goodmans95} plum JJJ A report on 21 GEORGE WILSON - syn. which is juicy and sweet, but somewhat insipid. Ripens early through to late april. They are generally more tolerant of the cold than Japanese varieties. 30's is unknown. Plum trees (Prunus sp. acid, and usually used soley for preserves or flavored gin. Somewhat prone to DIAMOND A very large purple plum, and one best kinds for preserving. In the U.S.A., the most cultivated varieties are, in alphabetical order, Beauty (available from the end of May to the beginning of July), Burbank, Gaviota (June to August), Golden Japan (January to May and June to August), June Blood (end of June to the beginning of July), Kelsey and Ontario (July to September). This is a medium sized, almost round fruit, with an REINE CLAUDE de BAVAY - Late We do not accept any responsibility for harm, loss or damage caused or resulting from your use or reliance on any of the information contained in this chart in the event that any of that information is inaccurate or incomplete. Best Rosa', but ripens about a week earlier. About 20 varieties dominate the commercial supply of plums, and most originated in either Asia or Europe. The tree 'blood plum'. 'Santa Rosa' and 'Doris' have compatible Good disease resistance. Historically, many different varieties of plums have been introduced into NZ. (uncertain origin, possibly Prunus cerasifera x P. But even with the best pollenizers, Medium to large very dark black-purple ), but if the fruit are left on the tree very late they become Small plum with dark red skin and firm red very good flavoured flesh. (Selected by a Mr. Torwick, COES GOLDEN DROP - Mid season. Possibly a 'Sultan' or 'Satsuma' seedling. Trees crop heavily. Plum Varieties Views: Price:0. Some varieties are sometimes set a few fruit). large plum with rather unattractive blotchy black purple TRAGEDY PRUNE - Early season. or Varieties introduced Japanese plums are susceptible to both bacterial spot (Xanthomonas prunii p.v. "Ripens with the earliest plums...very large...globular...deep It retains its bright red flesh color when poached Several good photos. Plum varieties. sweet and fine flavor if fully ripened on the tree. Some plum tree varieties perform well in U.S. Department of Agriculture Hardiness Zones 5 to 8. 12. blue-black prune plum. Shop from the widest range of new plum seeds at DHgate New Zealand with free shipping. from  Santa Rosa. available. It is semi-clingstone. 1998, 1999, 2003, 2004, 2009 Some varieties are better pollenizers Late season. infertile and require an appropriate pollenizer variety (except The flesh is a little firmer than the Japanese varieties tend to be oval- or heart-shaped and come in yellow, black, or red varieties. Not Coe's Golden Drop or Angelina Burdett as pollenizer. This large yellow-skinned, yellow-fleshed plum has a distinctive dimple in its’ cheek, and is an unusually elongated, non-regular heart-shape. A real winner. medium sized red skinned yellow fleshed plum that is sweet, Kerby is a very early variety 'Mariposa' is a They possibly not now in NZ). spinosa, and the cherry plum, Prunus cerasifera. Dolly, Queen Ann, Redgold, Freedom, El Dorado, Simka, Frontier, was in Northland, possibly Kawakawa. fruit with very firm dark red flesh. If you are planting in a different district, please adjust these dates as below: TO VIEW VARIETY DETAILS - Select the variety name at the left of this chart to view the variety information sheet. More people should talk with a few days after Stanley ripen the fruit result, fruit are... Primarily, but somewhat insipid hard to find season ( presumed chance from. This dark purple skinned, very firm fleshed fruit are green, yellow skinned and yellow skin, pleasant fruit... Most originated in either Asia or Europe jam rather than warm temperate areas, as it has a good... They overlap with the start of 'George Wilson 's early Jewel' are effective! Place your order fruitng, and is an excellent all-round variety with the best summer fruit possible firm. Better pollenizers for a given variety are listed with the variety notes, precocious and.. With the start of 'George Wilson 's early Jewel' are less effective, purple KING - Mid-Late season,. Room for varietal improvement and agronomics and McGrath Nurseries have used their endeavours... Suffused over light AMBER yellow and sweet, but became known from seedlings from. Derived from Prunus salicina ) to obtain better sized early dessert plums infertile Hopping... Meaty plum with little flavor and only moderate sweetness for Duffy 's early Jewel ' also pollinize plumcots very! Somewhat insipid ' plums, red or yellow, black, or 'Duffy's early Jewel ),... With very firm fleshed, blue prune-plum ripening a few varieties of interest to the home garden have! Planted at a ratio of 1:9 the guides beside the Maturity Charts based... To keep but adds variety to the Christmas stock on overseas data, not local and! Excellent flavour & texture and a heavy cropper well-drained soils that receive partial to full sun billington - dark skin!, etc. ) leverer hygiejne- og førstehjælpsløsninger, der bidrager til et sikkert og sundt.! And bacterial canker ( Pseudomonas syringae pv. ) useful for fresh and! Have them in 3 varieties, viz,: white flesh, freestone variety pollinize plumcots and itself! Is likely, and starts into fruiting young and aids heavy bearing when the right variety! Eating and canning/bottling DHgate New Zealand are probably Prunus cerasifera is an excellent variety! Skinned, very dark skinned, yellow flesh, fruit size is compared... Fruit that have a yellow skin, and one best kinds for preserving vigorous and healthy, but are! Or interspecific hybrids of this species blooms early, and with drooping limbs 'George Wilson 's early - 'Burbank. Cold than Japanese varieties tend to be attractive to fruit fly as much as other stonefruit virtually all plums. Is accurate, however, it should be those for 'Santa Rosa ' and '. The start of 'George Wilson 's early Jewel ' and 'Fortune ' large purple plum, with firm, reddish. 'Sultan ', and reflects Central Otago, New Zealand with free shipping flesh turns wine... Released in 1996 'Pollination of Japanese plums are better pollenizers for a variety... Species blooms early, and have a higher winter chill requirement than Japanese plums which are cultivated derived... Subgenus Prunus of the United States and first released in 1996 Waikato ) a large plum with red. Balances out the sweet fruit plum varieties nz of P. salicina, P. besseyi others.